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Resources (Recipe):

A resource represents a piece of infrastructure and its desired state, such as a package that should be installed, a service that should be running, or a file that should be generated.

A recipe is a file that holds one or more resources. Each resource declares what state a part of the system should be in, but not how to get there.

A recipe is a collection of resources that describes a particular configuration or policy. A recipe describes everything that is required to configure part of a system. Recipes do things such as:

  • install and configure software components.
  • manage files.
  • deploy applications.
  • execute other recipes.
actions

When you deleted the file, you saw the :delete action.

Think of an action as the process that achieves the desired configuration state. Every resource in Chef has a default action, and it’s often the most common affirmative one – for example, create a file, install a package, and start a service.

When we created the file we didn’t specify the :create action because :create is the default. But of course you can specify it if you want.

Create a directory
directory 'C:\temp\messages' do
  recursive true
end
file 'C:\temp\messages\settings.ini' do
  content 'greeting=hello world'
end

It uses the directory resource to ensure that the C:\temp\messages directory exists.

Example: install IIS server on windows server

The script is as bellow:

powershell_script 'Install IIS' do
  code 'Add-WindowsFeature Web-Server'
  guard_interpreter :powershell_script
  not_if "(Get-WindowsFeature -Name Web-Server).Installed"
end

You don’t have to specify an action, because the :run is the default action.

This time, Chef does not reinstall IIS. That’s because the not_if attribute skips the resource when the condition is true. In this case, we use the Get-WindowsFeature PowerShell cmdlet to check whether the Web-Serverfeature is installed.

 

 

Reference

https://learn.chef.io/tutorials/learn-the-basics/windows/bring-your-own-system/configure-a-package-and-service/